My top 5 Iceland shots (Colour)

Here are five images I particularly enjoy from my first visit to Iceland. All are taken with my Bronica SQ-A and Kodak Portra 400. You can see more in the full album here.

The sun is still bright in the sky with some gorgeous colours starting to come out at 9.30pm in Icleand and for the next hour or so I played a game of dodge the waves as I set up my tripod, tried to focus, and run back before the next wave got my trainers wet. When I first got this shot back I was disappointed that the focus was off and the ice block wasn't in razor sharp focus. As time has passed I've come to appreciate this photograph more because of the lack of sharpness - its precisely this, along with the cool colours of sunset, that give this image a dream-like character to me. 

When I saw this rock crawling out of the Reynisfjara black sand beach I was immediately reminded of this shot from Cornwall that I really enjoy. Although the colour palettes are completely different, in contrast to the first image, its the detail and sharpness of the image that pleases my eye. 

Fjaðrárgljúfur canyon is a remarkable place with many photo angles. The classic view of the river down the centre is cool, but in this shot I decided to try something more subtle. With the river positioned off left it draws my eye to focus first on the texture of the canyon walls.

Here is one of the few 'classic' Iceland shots I captured during the trip. I was at the location at the perfect time and with weather that cooperated. I just hoped I had the exposure right as I only took a couple of frames here! I'm pleased with how it turned out, and the portra 400 does a good job of capturing the tonal variations of the disappearing sun.

One objective I had for the trip, perhaps ambitiously, was to capture a puffin with the Bronica. When one was swept up onto Reynisfjara beach I couldn't believe my luck. The little puffin was happy just chilling on the beach for around 20 minutes, giving my ample time to set up my Bronica with the 250mm lens to get this shot. 

An Icelandic Adventure

Its fair to say Iceland has been high on my list for places to visit for some time. Its mystical landscapes of towering waterfalls and looming mountains seem ever present on landscape photography websites, particularly Instagram. So I decided to embark on a solo photography trip here, with the aim of seeing the main sites around the island in a mere 5 days of travelling. To save costs I would be camping each night except for the final night before my flight home.


As I would be traveling solo with only short (< 2 mile) hikes to viewpoints I decided to take what some might describe as an excessive amount of camera gear. I've been really enjoying using my Bronica SQ recently for landscapes and so taking this was a no-brainer along with a full compliment of lenses (50, 80, 150, 250 and a 2x TC). I'd bought the 250mm on a bit of a whim for my last Scotland trip, and I was very happy with its results, so I'd decided to purchase the 2x TC to get me to 500mm in the hope that I may be able to capture some Puffin shots with it. As projecting 35mm slides is something I've been really enjoying recently I also took my Nikon F5 loaded with Provia 100 and shared lenses with my D7100 DSLR (20mm Ai, 35mm AFD, 50mm AFD 80-200mm AFD and a Tokina 11-16).

Day 1 - Keflavik to Vik

The day started badly. Luton Airport appears to be one of the worst one can fly from, stretched for capacity and a with constant glut of passengers travelling on 'low-cost' airlines, which almost proved to be a terrible false economy for myself at least. Despite arriving quite early by taxi from north London at 5am there was already a traffic jam to get to the drop off section. Once inside the lines to check bags was like nothing I'd ever seen in any airport, in any continent, with the line snaking around the cramped airport like an anaconda. Thanks to the heroics of one Easyjet employee in opening a dedicated lane for the soon to be departing Iceland flight I did somehow get onto the flight.

Landing in KEF airport one tip is to make use of the large duty free supermarket in arrivals, that is if you require any alcohol for your trip, as you will otherwise need to find a government run liquor store. After taking advantage of this I went to pick up my rental car which I'd booked online as a Suzuki Jimny 4x4. You might not need a 4x4 in Iceland, particularly in Summer if you do not plan to deviate from the main 1 highway, but I definitely wanted a vehicle with some decent ground clearance to navigate the potentially pot hole filled gravel tracks to some of the more remote locations I wanted to visit (e.g. Dettifoss). I didn't really have time to venture inland on the F roads which turned out to be a good thing. A free "upgrade" to a Dacia Duster which is a 4x4 greeted me with plenty of signs saying "this vehicle is not suitable for F roads - do not drive there - subject to heavy fines" in large lettering. I'd also been told that car rental companies in Iceland were pretty militant when it came to assessing damage to the vehicle upon return. I elected for the full insurance to alleviate any worries of chipped windscreens let alone anything worse.

Starting the trip I went straight from the airport into Keflavik to stock up on my food supplies for the week. Sticking to budget food (think pot noodles, tinned fish, cheese and bread) it wasn't too expensive - I might have spent less than £100 on food for 5 days. Bonus is the "cheap" supermarket in Iceland. After picking up a camping gas canister from a N1 Petrol station I was now fully stocked for the week ahead camping.

Making sure to keep to the relatively slow (by UK standards) speed limit of 90 km/h I commenced the journey, passing the power station that creates the famous "Blue Lagoon" and thinking I'd stop here on my return journey (a mistake as I did not end up with time). Its certainly a pretty surreal looking power station, something that wouldn't look out of place in a sci-fi movie, and I think there is some good photographic potential here. There's always next time I suppose. Then I travelled onwards around the coastal road towards the first waterfall of my trip, Seljalandsfoss.

After a pretty uneventful drive seeing this 60m high falls is definitely pretty exciting. It was also an eye opener to the number of tourists that would be experiencing this too, the coastal route here was pretty empty, but on the main Route 1 rental cars were ever present and needless to say the car park was pretty full. This is a cool waterfall as there is a walking track behind it which is a pretty unique experience in Iceland. For photography its a little hard to capture due to the number of people around and also that they have roped off the slopes next to the waterfall, preventing you from framing some of the classic compositions of this shot.

Next for waterfall number 2 - Skogafoss! I found this one a bit more impressive. Its height is the same as Seljalandsfoss but its far wider and powerful. I spent some time photographing at its base although its really hard to get a composition without any other tourists in it. I then proceeded to climb the steep staircase to a viewing point at the top of the falls. This was cool to see, but what I did not expect was a walking track along the upper river that fed the falls. I spent close to an hour up here capturing the meanders in the river and was actually a highlight of the day from a photography perspective.

Proceeding further along Route 1 the rain began and the overcast sky became dimmer. I reached Vik and set up my tent in the pouring down road with windy gusts bringing chills to my body. As I thought about the sunny 30 degree heat my home in England was having it must be said that I did ask myself what I was doing here.

Day 2 - Vik to Hofn

The sleeping mask and shot of jack daniels before bed combination appeared to did wonders in assisting me to sleep through the midnight sun. The weather in Vik was still pretty miserable and I left my tent to pack up later. I retraced yesterdays journey 20 minutes and turned off to Reynisfjara - the Black Sand Beach with towering hexagonal basalt columns. The light was overcast and indistinct. Although arriving at 8am I hadn't managed to get to the beach as early as I had wanted I was still the second car to arrive so I pretty much had the whole beach to myself for around 30 minutes before the other visitors started multiplying. There were plenty of composition options, obviously the basalt columns you will see as you arrive, but also further down the beach with the ominous looming stacks in the sea towards the far end of the beach. As I was walking back an unexpected surprise occurred. A small Puffin, looking absolutely exhausted, washed up onto the beach and calmly stood recovering some energy. It stayed for some time allowing me to capture a number of shots on the Bronica and digitally also.

A short drive away from the beach is Dyrhólaey, a clifftop refuge for many nesting Puffins. It also offers great viewpoints back onto Reynisfjara and cliffs the other side. One of my favourite shots taken here is of an incredible basalt arch that looks like the spiny tail of a jurrassic age dinosaur.

Proceeding onwards into marginally better weather I arrived at the epic Fjaðrárgljúfur canyon. The jagged sides to this crevasse are a sight to behold. This area shows signs of the impact of increasing tourist footfall, the soil is very compacted now and many of the old cliff edge viewpoints are roped off and workers use garden forks to air-ate the soil in an effort to encourage grass to reappear. A moderate hike to a viewing platform built above the canyon offers a great lookback and also a charming waterfall. This is cool but bad for tripod photography. The metal platform is cross hatched and so it is hard to find a configuration for the tripod legs to not slip through. In addition people walking will vibrate the platform that slow shutter speeds would likely be blurry. After a good amount of time here I went to leave the small car park. However a large camper van had managed to drive itself into a ditch and had got itself stuck, precariously tipping to the side. Parked cars on the other side of the narrow lane left very little margin to pass between. After 20 minutes of deliberation a 4x4 eked it through the gap. I thought I may as well try my luck and did manage to pull through thankfully. It could have been a long wait to get the camper towed out.

Next stop Skaftafell, a large national park, with glaciers easily accessed from the route 1. There is a viewpoint by the road but driving around 20 minutes down a pot-hole strewn dirt road will bring you right upto the head of a glacier. The texture of the fissures in the ice gives plenty of photographic opportunities. The weather though didn't cooperate and after only 45 minutes here I had to retreat back to my car.

The final stop of the day would be the "Iceberg Lake" Jökulsárlón. Huge chunks of glacial ice break off and into the lagoon, eventually to float out to sea. I arrived around 9pm - the sky had cleared out to a fine blue and the sun was glorious. A telephoto lens is recommended here in order to focus in on the structural details of the icebergs which you can photographs from both sides of the single track bridge. Once you are content here you can cross the road to the beach where the tide washes back many pieces of ice to the beach making for some great compositions of the waves crashing in on top of them. Wellies would have been very welcome to photograph here. Instead I spent my time running back from the camera as the waves came in!

Day 3 - Hofn to Myvatn

The campsite at Hofn is really close to my early morning destination of Vestrahorn which I am led to believe is a very photogenic place from all of the incredible photos readily available online. Unfortunately a thick blanket of cloud prevented me from even seeing the mountains the other side of the bay. The towering black sand dunes peppered with grass however were still very fun to photograph. Sometimes its the subtle subjects that I appreciate the most.

After returning to pack up my tent I proceeded on a 3 hour drive to Hengifoss, stopping along the way for a few more waterfall shots. I took a dirt road shortcut away from Highway 1 which did not live up to the strong warnings my Lonely planet guidebook proclaimed. It was an easy, if foggy and muddy ride. My white Dacia Duster was completely brown by the time I reached Hengifoss.

Its around a 45 minute hike to Hengifoss which is one of Iceland's highest falls. Its colourful rock face is a nice backdrop to the waterfall. Litlanesfoss is on the way and spectacularly pours out from an opening of majestic basalt columns. Despite drones being banned at many sights in Iceland, there was one being flown as I photographed Litlanesfoss. I guess it had been put onto an autopilot mode to circle around a proposing guy and his soon-to-be fiancee. Me, with my attention to my Bronica, did not immediately notice the low height and incoming trajectory of this drone and it came very close to making an acquaintance with my head.

It was another significant drive then on to Dettifoss. After turning from route one it took around an hour on a dirt road to arrive at the parking area. This waterfall has the most volume of any in Europe and it was easily my favourite of the trip. I first proceeded past and hiked over to Selfoss which is the upper gorge before Dettifoss and is lined by waterfalls from the river above. It was an incredibly impressive sight, despite the poor light and intermittent rain.

Although it didn't feel like it, the night was drawing in. I drove on to the lake at Myvatn to a fantastic campsite there right by the lake but made a stop in the geothermal area just before. It felt pretty eerie to be standing in the midnight sun with the geothermal steam drifting up out of the ground.

Day 4 - Myvatn to Olafsvik

The morning saw me head upto Krafla a giant volcanic crater near the Myvatn lake. The road there passes a geothermal plant that would make a great backdrop for a 70s sci-fi movie. I headed up the crater rim and decided to get some detail shots with my 250mm lens on the Bronica. I also tried my 2x TC on this lens to get some images of the power plant and some nearby mountains. I'll write a blog post later on the 2x Bronica TC and the results. The TC actually jammed on the lens whilst I was up on the top of the ridge. Somehow I managed to keep frustration at bay, with some quick searches on the internet I found this to be a commonly reported problem, and eventually using my pocket knife I was able to force the release. 

As I had lots of ground to cover (and miles to drive) I decided to skip a walk around the opposite lava field and proceeded onwards to Hvitserkur - a giant double arch rocky outcrop on a beach on the northern Icelandic coast. I had to make an emergency visit to an Avis car rental depot in Akureyri after the engine light in my 4x4 turned on. False alarm - unsurprisingly the Dacia Duster has far more sensors than its reliability could handle. A small sensor failure could only be flagged by a critical alert.

 The fully overcast early afternoon skies along with the tide being out was not the ideal shooting conditions for this location, but the arch was still cool nonetheless. This I had realised by this point would sum up many of my photo locations. I was covering so much ground and on such a ambitious schedule that I simply wouldn't be able to be at most locations at the optimal time of day, and even if I were, the weather would not necessarily cooperate.

Kirkjufell is a classic iceland scene. A towering mountain with a very picturesque waterfall in the foreground. At sunset the light disapears on the horizon just above the waterfall and cascades the last bursts of sunlight up the side of the mountain face. Truth be told, from the pictures seen online I thought it'd be obvious where to stop for the photo. As it turns out I drove right past it, initially dismissing the small waterfall I had seen from the road. I turned around and by the time I got up to the waterfall, looking at Kirkjufell, there was already a gaggle of photographers all set up already with cameras on tripods. There was barely any room left with everyones spot staked out. Around 15 minutes later a busload of photographers turned up who managed to squeeze in the few gaps. In one of the most bizarre photography experiences I've had so far I almost saw two photographers get in a fight about a few people who had set their cameras up in front of the roped off line, and therefore in the field of view of the ultra wide angle lenses of a couple of other photographers. I could see both sides - the cameras in front of the ropes had been places some three hours ago, but on the other hand it is pretty selfish to think the rules dont apply to you and just sit there in everyones way. Its one of the less pleasant things about photographing in such a popular location for me, and also highlights an absurdity in the photography community - we all want our own slight variation of that classic shot.

Day 5 - Olafsvik to Keflavik

There is a nice local campsite in Olafsvik with a shower and nice WC facilities. From here I continued on the Snaefeness peninsula. Unfortunately the Snæfellsjökull glacier that inspired Jules Verne was shrouded by thick clouds, but there were a few nice coastal viewpoints. Its a nice detour to avoid doubling back on oneself from Kirkjufell. 

I finished the trip by taking the golden circle, which is a marketing term for the sights relatively near Reykjavik -  Þingvellir National Park, Geysir and Gulfoss. To be honest, after the rest of the sights I had already seen, and the 10x number of people at these, I was underwhelmed with the exception of Gulfoss. Even though I'd seen what seemed like a million waterfalls by this point, I'd be lying to say that Gulfoss did not impress me greatly with its grand canyon and rainbow above the falls.


Iceland is a photographers paradise. There are so many interesting geological features to capture and it doesn't take much of a detour to find unique places to capture. Whilst its well worthwhile seeing the key sights, its worth bearing in mind to set your expectations that the number of other photographers and tourists will likely be high there, particularly in summer. Therefore its essential to visit the sights you are most concerned with capturing in early morning or late at night.

For my trip, I knew it would be a stretch to try and see as many sights as I did. It certainly was a trip that involved a serious amount of driving, and little window at each sight to wait a few hours for improvements in light or weather. Iceland is epic, but with overcast dull light, there is a good chance of disapointing photos. After all, this isn't a photographer's disneyland, where the conditions are on demand. If I am to visit again on a photography trip, I'd probably do less sights and stay in one area longer - probably on the south between Vik and Hofn and venture inland on some F roads.

My favourite sight was probably Dettifoss, closely followed by Jökulsárlón and the glaciers by Skaftafell. I'm still digesting the photos rom the trip. Its funny how initially when I get back my developed and scanned film I am generally disappointed, and then after a couple of weeks they grow on me as I appreciate their subtlety more. 

Review: Olympus 35RC rangefinder

To my eye there is something quite special about the 70s era rangefinders that Olympus put out. Their design is pure class, optics excellent and build quality solid. There are 3 models of interest: the 35SP35RD and 35RC. The former two are both larger and sport a f1.7 lens (42mm and 40mm respectively) whilst the much smaller RC has a 42mm f2.8. I have been drawn to these cameras for some time, wanting to try out the rangefinder experience without leaving a Leica sized hole in my wallet, and during 2012 I ended up picking up a nice condition 35RD for little more than £40 on eBay. Ultimately the Olympus 35RD did not really gel with me (my impressions are summarised here) and unfortunately after a couple of years of ownership the aperture blades became sticky leading me to sell on for "spares or repairs". Despite the shortcomings I perceived, the design/ergonomics (aside from shutter speed selection on the lens itself) and fully mechanical manual operation were things I really enjoyed, and this is what led me several years later in wanting to try out its smaller (and 55 gram lighter) brother, the 35RD.

Needless to say with the continued resurgence of analogue camera popularity this range of shooters are seeing their values dramatically increase. You used to be able to pick up a decent condition 35RC for a much more reasonable price than one can today. A cursory eBay scan shows good-mint condition models to be around the £100 mark. I was not prepared to pay so much and would be willing to take the risk on a more well used model to try out and deduce if this would be a camera that I'd enjoy using. So I went ahead with a £40 purchase of a "functional" camera but with a few warts. Most notably some scratches to the lens and potentially leaky light seals. Nevertheless I was feeling optimistic, and maybe these detriments would not be so impactful to actually using the camera. So in a test roll of TMax 400 went and the camera was packed in my luggage for a couple of business trips to Copenhagen and Amsterdam.

Terminal 5Olympus 35RC + Kodak TMax 100 (Stockholm, 2018)
StockholmOlympus 35RC + Kodak TMax 100 (Stockholm, 2018)

The first thing that stuck me about this camera was the size. Compared to the 35RD this was a far more pocketable camera. The body is indeed a bit smaller, but the huge advantage of the RC's f2.8 over the f1.7 lens on the RD is that it is far more compact. As for ergonomics the shutter speed on the RC is selected via a top dial which I find much more intuitive than the on-lens design of the RD. The film advance lever looks a little unconventional on the RC compared to a more traditional design on the RD but the practical use of it works out quite nice with the thumb easily catching the slightly knurled lever. 

Centraal StationOlympus 35RC + Kodak TMax 100 (Amsterdam, 2018)

The travel in focusing the lens is really short, which could be an issue if you need precise zone focusing at short distance ranges / wide apertures. This didn't bother me too much as I was tending to take pictures between 5m and infinity. The viewfinder nicely shows both shutter speed and aperture used via a needle implementation that fixes on the settings when the shutter is half pressed. One other weird thing is the 43.5mm filter thread but there are plenty of these available on eBay (I myself picked up a Hoya 25a Red Filter to try on it).

Amsterdam CanalsOlympus 35RC + Kodak TMax 100 (Amsterdam, 2018)
CineacOlympus 35RC + Kodak TMax 100 (Amsterdam, 2018)

Some of the best shots from the test roll are above. Unfortunately the light seals do need replacing (as you can make out on the shot above) but this should be straight forward as I decided to try out a seller on eBay who advertises "Laser Cut" light seals ready for this specific model of camera. The size of the camera and its function of being fully manual without the need for a battery (which is good since this model was made for a dreaded PX625 mercury cell) are the killer attributes for me in this camera. For my test roll I just used Sunny 16 metering but I'll probably try out the in built meter with a Wein Cell to see if it still works.

Overall I'm pretty happy with the camera. I'll fix up the light seals and shoot a few more rolls with it to see if the lens scratches are bad enough to materially impact the contrast.

DepartingOlympus 35RC + Kodak TMax 100 (Stockholm, 2018)

Sprocket Holes in Scotland

Kyle of TongueSutherland, Scotland (2018). Bronica SQA + 150mm f3.5 + Ilford Delta 100.

This is the second installment of my adventures using 35mm film with a DIY adapter in a Bronica SQ 220 back. For this trip I intended to shoot one roll with some 5 year expired Ilford Delta 100 and hoped they'd turn out well. I find these shots give an interesting perspectives, a narrow window into the landscapes, which I think works quite well in the images shared here. As for the expired film, it looks ok, but lacked quite a bit of contrast in the original scans so I've improved this using digital methods. You may also notice some damage apparent on the outside of the sprocket holes: I self developed this roll and I realsed the ball bearing in the intake of my patterson film spiral are corroded and scratch the emulsion. Not an issue normally, but a bit of a shame when you're exposing the entire film height.

Buachaille Etive MorGlencoe, Scotland (2018). Bronica SQA + 80mm f2.8 + Ilford Delta 100
Duncansby HeadCaithness, Scotland (2018). Bronica SQA + 150mm f2.8 + Ilford Delta 100.
QuiraingIsle of Skye, Scotland (2018). Bronica SQA + 150mm f3.5 + Ilford Delta 100.
Old Man of StorrIsle of Skye, Scotland (2018). Bronica SQA + 150mm f3.5 + Ilford Delta 100.
Highland ReflectionsHighlands, Scotland (2018). Bronica SQA + 150mm f3.5 + Ilford Delta 100.

Bronica on Tour: Cornwall on Portra

Cornwall, the toe of Great Britain, is a truly magical place of pastel colours. The blue sea and the rocky coast are sights to behold and the driving between destinations through small villages and farms makes you wonder how tranquil it must be to live around here. Well, except for the hordes of tourists, of which I was one.

St IvesCornwall (2018). Bronica SQA + 80mm f2.8 + Kodak Portra 400

This was only a long weekend trip with my wife and in-laws, but still somehow I managed to bring a whole bag of camera gear. I had such a good time using my Bronica the prior month in Scotland that I just had to take it. Then I also decided to take my D7100 resulting in a rather full backpack. I have a Kata split camera backpack where the bottom will fit in a DSLR an a few lenses whilst the top portion is open to take other items like books or a packed lunch. Unfortunately keeping the Bronica in the top compartment was a bad idea - one of the backs with still to be fully exposed opened during the journey home. It was my colour roll of Portra and I was sure I'd lost most of the shots (I'd taken 10 so had 2 left). I resolved to pay for its development anyway thinking that at least a few from the beginning would be ok. Turns out 8 were not affected which was a very nice surprise! For my forthcoming Iceland photo trip I have decided to upgrade to a Lowepro pro runner 450 which can take an incredible amount of gear and still fit (fingers crossed) as a carry-on.

Lands EndCornwall (2018). Bronica SQA + 150mm f3.5 + Kodak Portra 400

As with most trips traveling with non-photographers its a compromise in visiting locations good for photography but typically not at the best times of day. With my trusty "Photographing Cornwall and Devon" guide from the Fotovue series that had served me so well in Scotland I picked out some key coastal locations, my favourite being secluded Porth Naven, in contrast to the the touristy Lands End (which still has some epic rock formations in the sea) and the charming St Ives where we stayed in the fantastic Pedn Olva hotel (every room has a sea view!).

Porth NanvenCornwall (2018). Bronica SQA + 80mm f2.8 + Kodak Portra 400

Using 35mm Film in a Bronica

Did you know that you could easily use 35mm film with a Bronica SQ? In fact they made two 35mm backs: one denoted N for a normal 35mm frame and one denoted W for wide panoramic shots. Both of these are pretty expensive and the latter is rare enough that I have never seen one listed on eBay. I understand that these backs run the 35mm horizontal through the back and do not expose the sprocket holes.

220 backs however are far more plentiful (and cheaper!) due to the lack of native film available for these. However they also made a great candidate for using 35mm film (here is a great guide of how you can adapt a film reel to do this). Using this method the film travels vertically through the back, the same way a medium format roll would, which makes landscape shots a little awkward as you need to rotate the camera 90 degrees. The frame is nice and wide and I typically get 12-14 shots per roll of 35mm depending on how much film is wasted on the leader (as although I use a DIY paper leader taped to the film, I think my measurement is a bit off). With the waist level finder showing an inverted image this is really awkward, so I've found it best to use a prism finder and mount the camera on a tripod for landscape oriented shots. The other annoyance is that once the roll is finished, there is no rewind method, as this wasn't a requirement for 220 film, so it requires a dark bag to unload the film or at least open the back and rewind the 35mm canister. This method also exposes the whole film width, including sprocket holes, which depending on your point of view is excessively hipsterish (as someone pointed out to me on reddit) or very cool.

Whilst I haven't used this method excessively (after all I own a medium format camera to use medium format film) I did decide to try it out in an extra back I took on my Scotland trip with some expired Ilford Delta 100 which I'll post separately soon. I then went back to revisit some shots from when I had first moved to NYC in 2013. I was big on double exposures back then, as you can tell.